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Take a look at this popular science manual for child protection!

Issuing time:2020-04-21 22:25

 In the special period of epidemic prevention and control, how to do a good job in all aspects of protection, so that children are free from infection or reduce the risk of infection? How to deal with and see a doctor once the suspect is contacted? How to make children live and grow healthily?
Novel coronavirus Mini Guide novel coronavirus protection was compiled by the women's and children's Center Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu, according to the administrative micro blog of the health center. It hopes to help every family and provide some effective and feasible methods for our parents and other caregivers to better prevent the new coronavirus infection of children. This excerpt is for parents' reference:
What are the clinical characteristics of children's 2019 coronavirus disease?
Clinical manifestations of patients with new coronavirus infection——
① Adults: fever, fatigue, dry cough, gradually dyspnea, etc;
② Children: fever, cough, dyspnea, poor spirit, etc.
3. Recent novel coronavirus fever and fever are common clinical manifestations of new crown virus infection.
④ But what if the baby gets hot? Do not go to the hospital to worry about the aggravation of the baby's condition, and go to the hospital to worry about increasing the risk of infection. Especially for children with chronic diseases such as kidney disease, rheumatic immune disease, blood system disease, endocrine and other diseases, the immune function is low, the autoimmune function is not perfect, and the risk of infection is greater. Therefore, the following popular science education should be carried out for children with fever.
⑤ Fever is a protective reaction of the body against invading pathogens. The abnormal rise of body temperature is not necessarily in direct proportion to the severity of the disease, but high fever or long-term fever can affect various functions of the body, thus affecting the health of children.
⑥ The main cause of fever in children is infection, such as virus, bacteria, fungi or mycoplasma. In addition to fever, it can also show cough, runny nose, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms.
⑦ For ordinary children, symptomatic treatment and active control of infection are enough, while for children with chronic diseases, their body immunity is low, infection is not easy to control, and it may induce the recurrence of primary diseases, so we need to be alert.

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  If the child has a fever, don't be nervous. First of all, we need to do antipyretic treatment. When the temperature is lower than 38.5 ℃, we can appropriately reduce the clothes and warm water for bathing, drink more warm boiled water, supplement water, and conduct physical cooling. When the temperature is higher than 38.5 ℃, especially for children with history of febrile convulsion, they need to take antipyretics immediately. Ibuprofen and paracetamol are commonly used antipyretics for children But pay attention to the dosage.            If the child has persistent high fever, convulsion, mental malaise, shortness of breath, dehydration and other manifestations, this situation is very dangerous, we must go to the hospital immediately, the doctor will improve the blood routine, etiology and other tests according to the situation of the child, and determine the cause of the corresponding treatment.            For example: children with kidney disease need to pay attention to their urination. Infection of children with nephrotic syndrome may cause repeated urine protein. You can use a test paper at home to dynamically monitor the urine protein of children first. If the urine protein is normal, you can take active anti infection treatment first. However, if the children show edema, oliguria, albuminuria, gross hematuria and other conditions, it is recommended to go to the special clinic immediately.            Of course, the best response to the disease is to prevent its occurrence. For children, it is to wash their hands frequently, wear masks, avoid going to places where people gather, and reduce the risk of infection.            How can parents help children protect themselves from 2019 coronavirus disease?            Understanding the novel coronavirus transmission and clinical manifestations, how should we prevent the infection of new coronavirus? Are the treasure mothers who have children at home particularly worried? Don't worry, novel coronavirus infection will be better prevented by the baby.            1. Choose mask correctly            Do not choose: paper mask, cotton mask, sponge mask, activated carbon mask            Optional: medical surgical mask, N95 mask (without exhalation valve)            Children's choice: N95 medical mask for children, medical protective mask for children, medical mask for children, no mask for children under one year old            Here, parents should pay attention to: children may resist wearing masks, but they can choose medical masks with patterns. Older children can tell stories to let children know the benefits of wearing masks. When wearing masks, they should adjust them to make them more comfortable. In addition, young children are not recommended to wear masks for a long time. When wearing masks, they should pay close attention to children's whirring Inhalation to avoid breathing difficulties            2. Wash hands frequently            The virus can stay on the surface of objects for a long time and is infectious.            There may be viruses in handrails, faucets of public toilets, elevator buttons, door handles, electrical switches and other places that may be touched by hands.            When our hands touch these objects, then touch our mouth, nose or eyes, it can lead to virus infection; at the same time, our hands can also bring the virus to a wider area to help the spread of the virus. Therefore, it is very necessary to wash hands frequently, correctly and keep hand hygiene.            3. More windows, more ventilation            ① Ventilate 2-3 times a day for at least 30 minutes each time            ② If possible, the circulating air disinfector can be used. It is recommended to use it when closing doors and windows            ③ The air conditioning filter and filter screen shall be cleaned and disinfected with 250mg / L chlorine containing disinfectant every month            ④ Keep children warm during ventilation to avoid cold caused by indoor and outdoor temperature difference

Under what circumstances should children be isolated at home?            The mode of isolation shall be determined scientifically by the relevant national medical institutions according to the development of the epidemic situation:            1. Close contacts can be isolated at home in a well ventilated single room, reduce activities, limit to the living space, independent toilet, and refuse all visits. When novel coronavirus pneumonia is suspected to occur in family members, such as fever, cough, dyspnea (shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing), diarrhea and disturbance of consciousness, the family should be treated immediately.            2. All suspected or confirmed cases shall be isolated to the hospital for treatment, and the suspected cases shall be isolated in a single room, and the confirmed cases can be isolated in multiple persons.            What should children see a doctor for?            (1) During the outbreak period, infants within 3 months, especially newborns, should seek medical treatment and investigation in time if they have fever, especially if they keep high fever.            (2) 3-6 months old infants with high fever and body temperature over 39 ℃ should be treated in time if the antipyretic effect is not good; if it is only low fever, they can be observed at home.            (3) If children aged 6 months to 2 years old have fever and cough, no epidemiological history and good mental state, they can be observed at home. If close contacts are suspected, go to the hospital for investigation.            (4) Children of any age who have sustained fever for more than 3 days, or who can be traced back to the epidemiological history, or whose respiratory symptoms worsen must be treated immediately.            How to seek medical help?            When the child has fever, cough and other symptoms, the parents should not panic. First of all, they should take their own temperature at home, record the time of fever and temperature changes, observe the mental state, appetite, defecation and defecation of the child, carry out daily care, and carefully understand whether the child has been to the epidemic area or has been in close contact with suspected cases of infection.            If the child's mental state, appetite and defecation are normal, the online free consultation platform or the hotline set up by the disease control department can be used to consult how to isolate and treat at home; Chengdu women's and children's central hospital has set up a children's fever clinic, and the Internet online consultation service of "new crown virus pneumonia" is opened free of charge.            Other medical advice during the epidemic            1. During the epidemic period, in addition to the emergency and critical patients who must be treated immediately, they should go to the hospital as little as possible. If they have to go to the hospital, they should choose the nearest hospital with a small number of outpatient services that can meet the needs, and try to avoid fever outpatient services and emergency departments.            2. For children with chronic diseases requiring regular reexamination, they should contact their attending doctors, ask their opinions to decide whether to go to the hospital for further consultation. It is suggested that necessary items can be checked nearby, and online request their attending doctors for guidance and treatment.





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